APPEAL

Ukraine calls for safe passage for grain exports

Kenya is now looking to import from Mexico as shortage looms.

In Summary

•Ukraine's inability to export its grain has led to global food prices soaring.

•It has also raised the prospect of famines in the countries which depend on its exports, with Kenya being among countries heavily dependent on imports.

The international community should help create a "safe passage" to enable the millions of tonnes of grain stuck in Ukraine to leave the country, its deputy PM has said.

Yuliia Svyrydenko, First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine, told the BBC that some sort of "corridor" was needed.

Ukraine's inability to export its grain has led to global food prices soaring.

It has also raised the prospect of famines in the countries which depend on its exports, with Kenya being among countries heavily dependent on imports, where Ukraine has traditionally been a source of its wheat imports.

Locally, prices of wheat flour have already gone up by up to Sh10.

The country is also seeking to import about 540,000 metric tonnes of duty-free white non-GMO maize, with Africa reported to be running short of non-genetically modified maize.

Kenya will have to source it from Mexico, local importers say.

Smallscale Millers Association of Kenya chairperson Kennedy Nyagah said Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi have run out of their surplus, forcing importers to look across the border. 

''It is only South Africa that has a surplus but GMO. Mexico is the only country that has the commodity ,'' Nyagah said. 

A 90 kg bag of maize in Kenya is currently retailing at between Sh4,000 ($34) and Sh4,200($36).

Timothy Njagi, a senior researcher from Tegemeo Institute told the Star that the looming maize shortage has been made worse by the Russia-Ukraine crisis.

Ukraine Iis a big supplier of non-genetically modified maize globally.

“Ukraine is a grain basket country and exports a lot of wheat and maize globally. Prices of maize will continue going up unless there is some intervention,'' Njagi said. 

Ms Svyrydenko, who is also Ukraine's Minister of the Economy, urged the international community to help lift the blockade of the country's sea ports.

She said this could be a "solution" allowing Ukraine to export the grain currently stuck in its silos and unable to be shipped.

"We need the assistance of our international partners, to secure our exports through the sea ports... to find a way to build a corridor, or another solution, how to give an opportunity to Ukrainian vessels [to export via the Black Sea]," she said. "A safe passage."

She hinted that military means might be necessary to achieve this.

"We need a guarantee from partners, of course it's a defence guarantee, a security guarantee, to be able to export [using] these vessels," Ms Svyrydenko said.

"And to make it, not once but on a regular basis. That is most important."

Ukraine's wheat exports plunged after the Russian invasion.

As wheat prices soared on world commodity markets, the cost of everything from bread and cakes to noodles and pasta has gone up.

Ukraine is able to export small quantities of its commodities by river, rail and barges on the Danube river.

But Ms Svyrydenko warned those routes are insufficient.

"I think if you calculate it would take us five, six, seven years to export all these agricultural yields by these routes. So right now it's extremely important for us to unblock the seaports and we apply to our partners to do this," she said.

"The world needs it because Russia threatens the world with world hunger and the only way to solve this problem is to unblock the sea ports.

"If we don't give farmers the opportunity to export their goods, for them there won't be any sense in going to the next growing season," she continued.

Reconstruction

Another item on the agenda, was how to make use of assets affected by international sanctions, Ms Svyrydenko said.

Ukraine made clear in March that it believed the assets belonging to Russian oligarchs and Russian central bank funds that have been frozen should be used to finance the rebuilding of Ukraine.

"We should take them and [use] them for the reconstruction of Ukraine," she said. "Otherwise what was the sense in freezing those assets, if no Ukrainian [would] receive them?"

"We just need to find a clear procedure for how to get these funds," Ms Svyrydenko said.

Everything from railways stations to factories would need to be rebuilt, she said. Ukraine has estimated the amount of money needed to rebuild the country at around $600bn.

Last week, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said the EU was examining how the frozen assets of Russian oligarchs could be used to pay for the reconstruction of Ukraine after the war.

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