JAMES OGUNDO: Top-down, bottom-up just myths

In Summary
  • Sanya concludes that just as development does not trickle down from the top, neither does it effervesce from the bottom
  • The approaches therefore are myths, non-issues and should be given zero value during next year's general election

What is the real difference between up-down and bottom-up approaches to economic development targeting economic growth, equitable distribution of resources and poverty reduction? The truth is none. ...

This article is free to read if you register or sign in.

Simply register at no cost and sign in below to proceed.

Opera Mini does not support this functionality with EXTREME Data savings turned ON. Please disable.

Questions or problems? Email [email protected] or call 0711 046 000.