- A healthy diet can support the immune system, improve general health, and support the treatment of tuberculosis.
- A vitamin and mineral-rich diet can improve the body's ability to combat the TB infection, stop secondary infections, and lower the risk of relapse.
The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the source of the infectious disease tuberculosis (TB), which primarily affects the lungs.
Even though TB is treatable with antibiotics, good nutrition can help TB patients' immune systems function more effectively and have better overall health.
The role of nutrition in TB treatment
The body can suffer from tuberculosis, particularly when it comes to the immune system.
A healthy diet can support the immune system, improve general health, and support the treatment of tuberculosis.
A vitamin and mineral-rich diet can improve the body's ability to combat the TB infection, stop secondary infections, and lower the risk of relapse.
Additionally, TB can lead to anorexia and malnutrition, which can exacerbate the condition and lengthen the time it takes to recover.
A healthy weight can be maintained and malnutrition can be avoided with proper nutrition, both of which are crucial for TB patients' recovery.
What to eat and avoid
Protein is crucial for repairing tissues and warding off infection, so TB patients should consume plenty of it in a healthy diet.
Lean meats, fish, eggs, beans, and legumes are all excellent sources of protein.
In addition, patients should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, which are packed with nutrients that support the immune system.
Additionally, it's critical to consume foods high in heart- and brain-healthy fats, like nuts, seeds, and olive oil.
Processed and high-fat foods should be avoided by TB patients because they can cause inflammation and weight gain.
Additionally, sugary foods and drinks like soda and candy should be avoided because they can impair immune function and worsen inflammation.
Tips for maintaining a healthy diet
It might be difficult to keep up a balanced diet, especially if you have TB. These are some pointers to support TB patients in keeping a balanced diet:
Plan meals in advance: When meals are prepared in advance, patients are more likely to consume a well-balanced diet and rely less on processed or quick foods.
Eat small, frequent meals: Eating little and often can assist increase calorie intake and lessen the feeling of satiety that TB patients frequently experience.
Stay hydrated: Dehydration and constipation, which can be frequent adverse effects of TB treatment, should be avoided by drinking lots of fluids.
Avoid alcohol and smoking: Smoking and drinking can erode the immune system and make TB symptoms worse.
In conclusion, persons who have tuberculosis must eat well.
A healthy weight, a strong immune system, and the avoidance of malnutrition are all necessary for the treatment and recovery from tuberculosis.
Patients should steer clear of processed, high-fat, and sugary meals and consume a diet heavy in protein, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats.
Patients with TB can aid in their rehabilitation and improve general health by heeding these recommendations.
Lucy Chege is a registered and licensed nutritionist based in Kenya, proficient in medical nutrition therapy.