43% of Kenyans in low income areas have lost all earnings due to virus - Poll

43% Kenyans in low income areas have lost all their income due to virus

In Summary

• A total of 579 respondents were interviewed with a margin of error of +/- 4.1% for the total sample.

• The interview was carried out through telephone.

Activists and women working in the informal sector drawn from slum areas who wash clothes for a living protest in Nairobi CBD on June 15, 2020.
Activists and women working in the informal sector drawn from slum areas who wash clothes for a living protest in Nairobi CBD on June 15, 2020.
Image: FILE

The majority of Nairobi residents have seen a reduction in earnings since the beginning of coronavirus pandemic, a poll has shown.

The poll by TIFA released on Tuesday indicated that 69 per cent of the respondents had reduced earnings.

This was followed by 43 per cent who said they had complete loss of income due to job losses.

Twenty-two per cent said they had increased hunger, 13 per cent reduction in real income due to cost of living increase, 10 percent restriction of movement from residence.

The number who reported reduced earnings(69) due to Covid-19 reported a decrease in their expenditure on food and drinks than any other type of purchases or payments.

This was rated at 94 per cent. It was followed by rent (20), clothing (18), entertainment(10), transportation (10), alcoholic drinks (6 ), cooking fuel (5).

Others are; savings at 4 per cent, electricity and water at 4 per cent, household items, families and medical care at 3 per cent and education (2).

UNEMPLOYMENT

According to the report, a majority of Nairobians have become unemployed with most of those now jobless having become so since Covid-19’s arrival.

In the poll, 54 per cent of the respondents are unemployed with only 47 per cent being employed.

Out of the 54 per cent, 31 per cent have lost their jobs since the arrival of Covid-19, 15 per cent who are self employed but have now lost their jobs. Another 8 per cent have never been employed.

Out of the 47 per cent of the employed category, 24 per cent are self employed and are still able to do some work despite the pandemic.

Seventeen per cent are working part-time whether employed or doing their own daily work when available. Six per cent are employed full-time.

GENDER

The report notes that there are moderate but significant disparities in employment status by gender.

Thirty-two per cent of men who were employed have lost their jobs since the arrival of Covid-19. This was followed by women at 29 per cent.

Some 18 per cent of women were self employed but now without work. This was followed by men at 12 percent.

Another 26 per cent of women and 22 per cent of men are self employed and still doing some work despite the virus.

Twenty percent men and 13 per cent of women are working part-time whether employed or doing own daily work when available.

INCOME LEVEL

Only about one-fifth (19%) of all respondents who had been working earned more than Sh 20,000 per month before the restrictions to counter the virus.

Some 28 per cent are males while 9 percent are females. These people earn between Sh20,000 and Sh50,000.

Some 29 percent of the population earned between Sh10,000 and Sh20,000. Out of this number 34 percent are males while 23 percent are females.

In the Sh5,000 to Sh10,000 category, the report noted that 26 per cent of the population are slotted her. Out of this number, 34 percent are females while 18 percent are males.

Twelve percent of the population is in the Sh1,000 and Sh5000 category. Out of this percentage, 20 percent are females and 6 percent males.

The data was collected on 2 to 15 June, 2020 in Nairobi's Huruma, Kibera, Mathare, Korogocho, Mukuru kwa Njenga and Kawangware

A total of 579 respondents were interviewed with a margin of error of +/- 4.1% for the total sample.

The interview was carried out through telephone.