•Exporters have also been urged to explore sea freight which is cheaper when compared to air.
•Dar es Salaam and Mombasa ports urged to improve efficiency to become competitive in the African Continental Free Trade Area and international markets.
The East African Business Council (EABC) has urged the regional bloc to set up consolidation centres for fresh produce, to boost exports.
This is in all the East African Community (EAC) member states.
The regional business lobby group also wants transport interconnectivity improved in order to boost export volumes and competitiveness.
According to EABC chief executive John Bosco Kalisa, the move will also help boost intra-EAC trade which is currently at a low of 17 per cent.
He pegs this on barriers and the high cost of transport estimated at approximately $1.8 (Sh218.70) per tonne, per kilometer.
"The intricacies and competitiveness of EAC economies rely on the transport and logistics sector," Kalisa said, further urging ports and trade facilitation agencies to offer more to the business community.
He was speaking during the regional private sector engagement on sea freight transport and logistics sub-sector, focusing on fresh produce, organised by EABC in partnership with TradeMark East Africa (TMEA).
It was funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
Kalisa said Dar es Salaam and Mombasa ports should benchmark best practices from Durban in terms of efficiency, ship turnaround time and congestion.
This, he said will help the facilities become competitive in the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) and international markets.
During the forum, TradeMark East Africa committed to continuing to support trade facilitation initiatives to increase economic growth and prosperity.
Head of public-private dialogue and export capability at TMEA Paveen Mbeda further said sea freight can cut carbon emissions by between 84 per cent to 95 per cent, urging fresh produce exporters to explore sea freight options.
For years, fresh produce exports have been by air which is costlier.
The Shippers Council of Eastern Africa (SCEA) quotes fresh produce airfreight costs $2 per kilogramme (40ft quantity / 22metric tonnes) up to $40,000.
Sea freight costs are at $12,000. The Sea freight transit time from Mombasa to Europe is 24-30 days.
World Bank’s Global Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) 2021 ranks the Port of Mombasa at position 293 and Dar es Salaam at position 362, out of a total 370 port facilities.
The low rankings are linked to delays, congestion, and management of facilities.
The Port of Mombasa is a crucial landing and exit point for goods into Kenya and the region's landlocked countries, linked through the Northern Corridor.
Kenya exports 58 per cent of fruits by sea, representing about 3,000 containers per year and 42 per cent by air, which represents about 50,000 tonnes annually.
Top export markets for Kenya horticulture produce are the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany, United Arab Emirates and France.