A new survey indicates that the country has not healed from the aftermath of the 2008 post election violence. The Status of Governance in Kenya survey released yesterday by the Strategic Research shows that 30.
One percent of Kenyans have not forgiven their perceived enemies but can tolerate them. Another 23.2 percent said they can only forgive under certain conditions including justice being served.
“6.3 percent of Kenyans insist that they can never forgive the perpetrators of the 2007/ 08 political violence. The apprehension is further heightened by the fear of the next elections,” the survey released by Strategic Research chief executive officer Caesar Handa indicates.
The fear has been fueled by the ongoing political wrangles and the slow pace of constitutional implementation. The survey was commissioned by the Uraia Trust, UNDP- Amkeni Wakenya and UN Women - Usawa ni Haki. It was undertaken countrywide with 5,035 respondents from 46 counties between April and May 2012.
The survey also found that Kenya is still ethnically divided with 60 percent of respondents attributing this to historic injustices committed during the pre-colonial period and the subsequent abuse of power by successive political regimes.
It also indicates that 56.4 percent of Kenyans are confident that the election will improve the reconciliation process. The survey further indicate that majority of Kenya want a person of integrity as their next President but are not ready to vote for a woman as President Kibaki’s successor.
65.5 percent of those polled said they are looking forward to a system that will allow only leaders of integrity to be elected and strong institutions that will ensure leaders provide quality service delivery.
On woman presidency, the survey revealed that Kenya is “a relatively patriarchal society” with only 38 percent of Kenyans agreeing they can vote in a woman as their head of state.
“The public though recognizes aspiring female presidential candidates such as Martha Karua, as she is continually discussed as ‘strong’ and a ‘challenge’ to men.
The survey reveals that the Kenyan woman is still relegated to traditional roles and seen as unfit for high public offices,” it indicates. The survey also shows that women lag behind in terms of level of awareness and participation in matters pertaining to the Constitution, politics and governance with more women than men relying on unofficial channels such as friends and relatives for information on the new law. Most of the women also do not appreciate the opportunities they have under the new constitution in the devolved government.