The National Police Service has withdrawn 13 officers from Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko's security team, leaving him with two.
Sonko has two other bodyguards for his Nairobi and Machakos homes.
The withdrawal, effective July 1, is part of a plan to recall 5,000 officers irregularly attached to VIPs.
It follows a directive by Interior Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang'i who wants members of the public and their property protected.
A memo to county commanders asks them to confirm the number of police officers in their areas "as a matter of urgency".
Governors are supposed to have a maximum of four bodyguards but most of them have exceeded the limit.
Officers will be withdrawn from other county chiefs, senators, parastatals and others VIPs as well and assigned general duties.
Senators will be left with one bodyguard and an armed driver.
Kenyans are concerned about their safety as crimes have escalated in parts including Nairobi, Mombasa,l Bungoma and Turkana.
On Tuesday, Turkana Governor Josphat Nanok said police laxity is to blame for killings in Kapedo and demanded that they do their work properly.
Last week, the Governor accused the Interior ministry of neglecting Kapedo as rampant killings turn to "genocide".
He protested in a letter to Matiang'i and Inspector General of Police Joseph Boinnet.