A prize-winning New York-based
Cameroonian novelist will be freed from jail and expelled from his native country after being held for nearly three weeks.
Patrice Nganang was arrested on December 7 as he prepared to board a flight to Kenya, and accused of insulting President Paul Biya. The government later said he had threatened Biya in posts on Facebook.
A literature professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Nganang was born in
and holds dual
Cameroonian and US nationality.
Nganang's lawyer, Emmanuel Simh, told Reuters that a judge had dismissed the government's charges and ordered his client released. Simh later said the authorities had retained Nganang's
Cameroonian passport and that he would be placed on an afternoon flight to the United States.
"According to (the government), he is an American who does not have a right to this passport," Simh said.
Nganang's supporters say the accusations against him were politically motivated and related to a December 5 piece he wrote for Paris-based magazine Jeune Afrique, in which he criticised a government crackdown on
Cameroon's English-speaking minority.
Since last year, the government, which is dominated by members of the French-speaking majority, has repressed protests by English speakers who say they are socially and economically marginalised.
Dozens of civilians have been killed in unrest that has fuelled support for separatists seeking an independent state. Some separatists have launched armed attacks on state forces, creating the most serious challenge to Biya's 35-year rule. Thousands of English speakers have fled across the border into neighbouring Nigeria.
Cameroonian law forbids adults from holding dual nationality, although the prohibition is unevenly enforced.
Cameroon's government spokesman could not be immediately reached for comment.
English speakers make up around a fifth of the population of
Cameroon, which was formed when parts of a formerly British-ruled territory joined the larger, newly independent French-speaking Republic of
The past year's violence is the latest example of how Biya's rule has grown increasingly intolerant of dissent, with opposition activists, journalists and intellectuals routinely arrested and sometimes prosecuted.
Cameroonian reporter for Radio France Internationale was released from prison last week after more than two years behind bars for contact with the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, in a case that drew international condemnation.