Four suspected thugs were gunned down on Monday at Likoni road, Industrial area, Nairobi.
The four were ambushed by Flying Squad officers after they attempted to rob a premise in the area at around 8am.
A pistol, police pocket phone and handcuffs were recovered from the suspected criminals.
Head of flying squad Said Mohammed said the officers were pursuing two other suspects who escaped when they encountered the group.
This comes after a report published in the media showed that police killings of citizens are on the rise in the country.
In the report published by the Daily Nation, 262 people have been killed by police since the beginning of 2015.
The database showed 121 Kenyans were killed by police in the first eight months of 2016, compared to 114 in the same period last year.
However, there has been lack of information on the said police killings through the media.
This has made the police force justify killings and denying impunity is a problem.
In June, hundreds of Kenyans demonstrated after human rights lawyer Willie Kimani, his client and their driver were shot dead after suing the police over a shooting.
Kenyan officials did not respond to questions about the number of cases submitted to or investigated by the country's police oversight body that was set up in 2012.
A senior police officer at Vigilance House on Monday disputed the numbers of victims of shootings as highlighted in the report.
The officer claimed the figures are wrong and are aimed at tainting the force's image.
"We will issue a statement on the reality of the situation. We always get crime related cases and cannot deny there are criminals among the people," he said.